Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
Secure Sockets Layer Protocol (SSL) helps protect Internet Communications through server authentication, encryption and data integrity.
All information sent over SSL (names, credit card numbers, private user information, account numbers, etc.)
is encrypted so that it cannot be read or tempered with during Internet communications.
Secure Sockets Layer Protocol uses Secure SSL Certificate to verify the identities and establish secure connection
between the Web server and the User's browser preventing crackers and other cyber crooks
from phishing, pharming and otherwise jeoparding your secure areas.
SSL Certificate - What Is It?
Secure SSL Certificate serves as an electronic "passport" that establishes an online entity’s credentials when
doing business on the Web.
When an Internet user attempts to send confidential information to a Web server,
the Secure Sockets Layer handshake authenticates the Web server and the browser and
establishes a secure connection that guaranties message privacy and integrety.
Secure SSL certificate contains the following information:
Secure Sockets Layer Protocol uses public key to encrypt information and the private key to decrypt it.
Encryption is the process of scrambling data into an undecipherable format that can be
returned to a readable format only with the proper decryption key.
- The certificate holder’s name
- The certificate’s serial number and expiration date
- A copy of the certificate holder’s public key
- The digital signature (private key)of the certificate-issuing authority
SSL Cert Installation
Every Secure SSL Certificate carries identity of a particular server in a specific domain for a verified business entity.
After Secure SSL Certificate is signed and issued, you will receive an e-mail message that allows you to dowload the certificate along with
intermediate certificates, all of which must be installed on your Web site.
Note: To install SSL Cert you must keep the original private key, created when you first generated your Certificate Signing Request (CSR).
SSL Certificate - How Does It Work?
SSL Certificates ensures safe, easy, and convenient Internet shopping.
Once an Internet user enters a secure area — by entering credit card information, e-mail address,
or other personal data, for example — the shopping site's SSL Certificate enables the browser
and Web server to build a secure and encrypted connection.
The SSL handshake process, which establishes the secure session, takes place discreetly behind the
scene without interrupting the consumer's shopping experience.
A "padlock" icon in the browser's status bar and the "https://" prefix in the URL are the only visible indications
of a secure session in progress.
When the SSL handshake occurs, the browser requires authentication from the server.
If the information does not match or the secure SSL certificate has expired,
the browser displays an error message or warning.
Compare it to sending/receiving information by regular mail:
If a user attempts to submit personal information to an unsecured Web site (i.e., a site that is not protected with a valid SSL certificate), the browser's built-in security mechanism triggers a warning to the user, reminding him/her that the site is not secure and that sensitive data might be intercepted by third parties. Faced with such a warning most Internet users likely will look elsewhere to make a purchase.
- Without SSL encryption, packets of information travel through networks in full view.
Imagine sending private information in an open package by regular mail.
Anyone can see, modify or steal its content.
- Without third-party verification, how can you trust content received over the Internet? Imagine receiving a package with no return address directing you to eat its content.
Secure SSL Certificates helps Web site visitors protect sensitive information and get a better idea of who they are trusting with it.
SSL Encryption Strength
All of our SSL certificates support both industry-standard 128-bit encryption
and high-grade 256-bit encryption.
The actual Encryption Strength on a secure connection using a digital certificate is determined by the level
of encryption supported by the user's browser and the server that the Web site resides on.
For example, the combination of a Firefox browser and an Apache Web server normally enables up to
256-bit AES encryption with our SSL certificates.
This means that depending on the Web browser and Web server that combine to establish the secure connection
through one of our SSL certificates, the encryption strength of the secure connection may be 40, 56, 128, or 256 bit.
Athletic Names Secure Certificate verifies that:
Encryption strength is measured in key length — number of bits in the key.
To decipher an SSL communication, one needs to generate the correct decoding key.
Mathematically speaking, 2n possible values exist for an n-bit key.
Thus, 40-bit encryption involves 240 possible values, 128-bit encryption 2128 combinations,
and 256-bit keys involves a staggering 2256 possible combinations, rendering the encrypted data de
facto impervious to intrusion. Even with a brute-force attack (the process of systematically trying all possible combinations
until the right one is found) cracking a 256-bit encryption is computationally unfeasible.
- You met the thorough approval it takes to be issued the certificate.
- Transactions with your site (like information exchange, or purchases) are secure. All Athletic Names certificates support both industry-standard 128-bit encryption and high grade 256-bit encryption.
- Most importantly, it tells your customers they can do business with you safely because their sensitive information is encrypted and remains private.
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